Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving versions of fashion and content.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is utilized by numerous persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of varied courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night apparel, which is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the routine like a superior a lot of Other individuals from the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some More on 40 many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial More century These are rather unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration, or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by small children, these clothes frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the More fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time bundled the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick gown prime in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where they turned popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.